Coastal GasLink Pipeline


Dawson Creek, British Columbia to Kitimat, British Columbia, Canada

Project risks:

Environmental Destruction, Social Harm, Litigation


  • TC Energy Corporation
  • Alberta Investment Management Corporation (AIMCo)
  • KKR & Co Inc

read less

read more

Approximate location. By zooming in, you can recognize the Coastal GasLink pipeline corridor at a crossing of the Wedzin Kwa river.

TC Energy’s fossil dreams are violating indigenous people’s human rights and destroying their land. The Canadian pipeline giant is building the 670 km (420 mi) Coastal GasLink Pipeline through the Yintah, the traditional lands of the Wet‘suwet‘en people in Western Canada. TC Energy never got permission from the Wet‘suwet‘en to take their land and build a pipeline on it.

TC Energy, formerly known as TransCanada Corporation, builds and operates pipelines all over North America.12315 Before the Coastal GasLink Pipeline, the energy company also wanted to build the controversial Keystone XL pipeline across Canada and the US. However, on his first day in office, President Biden cancelled TC Energy’s Keystone XL pipeline permit after more than 10 years of protests and legal battles. 14787

In Canada, however, TC Energy has already built parts of the Coastal GasLink Pipeline. Even though it is not yet completed, it is already disturbing ecosystems. TC Energy has been drilling under the Wedzin Kwa River to place the Coastal GasLink pipeline during spawning season, the riskiest time for salmon.15485 TC Energy has also cut down ancient forests to make space for the fossil corridor. It has torn apart the home of grizzly bears, black bears, deer, and the endangered Southern mountain caribou.14789 Without a tree cover, the bare soil is washing into the rivers, polluting the water and suffocating fish larvae.14791 Despite numerous warnings from environmental inspectors, the pipeline company continued to let soil wash into rivers and streams. So far, TC Energy has received 37 warnings, 17 orders and fines of more than CAD 455,000 for contamination and other environmental violations from the provincial environmental office.1231715487 The company is doing its best to keep its reckless construction activities a secret. TC Energy may be fined after it was found to have filed several misleading reports to the provincial environmental office regarding its construction of the pipeline.15489


The Coastal GasLink pipeline would transport fracked gas from Dawson Creek right through the lands of the Wet’suwet’en to the Pacific Coast. From there, the gas would be shipped across the world. Credit: Carol Linnitt / The Narwhal

The Wet‘suwet‘en have a longstanding connection with the Yintah, their traditional lands. The Wet‘suwet‘en culture is centered around healthy forests, rivers, and animals. In the yintah, the Wet‘suwet‘en people hunt, fish, and gather herbs and medicines. Now, TC Energy is invading their lands and lives. The company sent bulldozers that razed burial sites of Wet‘suwet‘en ancestors to the ground.14793

TC Energy could not care less about indigenous rights. While the company claims to have the support of the indigenous Wet‘suwet‘en community along the pipeline route, their hereditary chiefs fiercely reject this.14795 The hereditary chiefs have been ruling over the traditional Wet‘suwet‘en lands since time immemorial.14797 They never ceded their land to the Canadian government and never gave their consent to have the Coastal GasLink pipeline built on it.14799 The hereditary chiefs are defending what has always belonged to them. But TC Energy’s security firm stopped Wet’suwet’en chief Na’moks from monitoring pipeline construction on his own territory.15491 TC Energy even got police support to arrest Indigenous leaders and their supporters for the ‘crime’ of being on their own land.14801

In November 2021, Canadian police raided a Wet’suwet’en camp for the third time in three years. The Wet’suwet’en and their supporters blocked access to a pipeline construction site on Wet’suwet’en territory to prevent drilling under Wedzin Kwa, a sacred river. In response, the police arrived in military-style gear with assault guns and arrested 30 people on Wet’suwet’en territory. Among them were land defenders, elders and journalists.14803 The repeated and escalating use of force against Wet’suwet’en land defenders by police and private security has even alarmed the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination. The committee has already urged the Canadian government three times to stop the Coastal Gaslink Pipeline, as long as the Wet’suwet’en disagree with the project. Until today, the Canadian government keeps ignoring these calls.12321

TC Energy and its Coastal GasLink Pipeline are creating an atmosphere of violence. Hundreds of male workers are moving into camps to build the pipeline. Their presence makes indigenous women in particular feel unsafe in their homes and on their land.14805 With police support, the company is interrupting people’s traditional ceremonies.14807 The Wet’suwet’en cannot even find relief in their local healing center because of the pipeline construction noise. The healing center is a sacred space where they come together for traditional practices and to connect with nature. To the Wet’suwet’en, TC Energy’s pipeline project is an attack on their culture. The Wet’suwet’en have made clear before the United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues that they consider this to be an act of genocide.[1] In June 2022, members of the Wet’suwet’en Nation launched a lawsuit against Coastal GasLink, the company’s security contractor Forsythe and the Canadian police to stop their harassing and intimidating behavior against Wet’suwet’en people.1232312325

Many people are standing up against TC Energy’s destructive pipeline. In February and March 2020, thousands of people joined the Wet‘suwet‘en in their protest. They demonstrated and set up protest camps together. For weeks, they blocked Canadian railways to call attention to the human rights violations of TC Energy.1549315495 Solidarity protests also erupted in response to TC Energy’s continued construction on Wet’suwet’en territory and the 2021 raids. Indigenous groups and more than 150 organizations from all over the world call on banks to defund the Coastal GasLink Pipeline.12327 The Royal Bank of Canada, Bank of Montreal, Scotiabank, CIBC and TD Bank are among those who pump money into the project.12329 The global Wet’suwet’en solidarity network demands that they must step away from TC Energy, a company that is making fossil fuel profits on the backs of indigenous people.



















Freda Huson is one of those defending the indigenous land, shortly before the Canadian police arrested her. February 2020. Credit: Amanda Follett Hogood/The Tyee.

“Our people’s belief is that we are part of the land. The land is not separate from us. The land sustains us. And if we don’t take care of her, she won’t be able to sustain us, and we as a generation of people will die.” 

Freda Huson, part of the indigenous peoples' protest and Right Livelihood Award Laureate.[2]

Groups working on Coastal GasLink: The Office of the Wet'suwet'en, Unist'ot'en Camp


Freda Huson, spokesperson for the Unist’ot’en house group of the Wet’suwet’en people, delivered a speech before the United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues. She stated: “They are trying to erase us from our own land. All these acts that continue are acts of genocide. They want to extinguish our rights to our lands.“ Her full speech is available at

The United Nations Genocide Convention of December 1948, which came into effect in January 1951, defines genocide in Article Two as "any of the following acts committed with the intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnic, racial or religious group, as such":

  1. Killing members of the group;
  2. Causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group;
  3. Deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part;
  4. Imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group;
  5. Forcibly transferring children of the group to another group.